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Adjective: synecdochic  ,si-nik'dó-kik
  1. Using the name of a part for that of the whole or the whole for the part; or the special for the general or the general for the special; or the material for the thing made of it
    "to use 'hand' for 'worker' or 'ten sail' for 'ten ships' or 'steel' for 'sword' is to use a synecdochic figure of speech";
    - synecdochical

See also: figurative, nonliteral

Encyclopedia: Synecdochic